AP Comparative Government and Politics · Clases

APCGP Britain: Governance and Policy Making Homework

Homework for Tuesday, September 24, 2019

Governance and Policy Making      (50 points)

  1. Chart the Cabinet System of the British government explaining functions and limitations (10 points) (Big, clear and easy to understand)
  2. Chart the US Presidential (Federal) System explaining functions and limitations (10 points)
  3. Compare and contrast the key differences in the two systems of government, stating the basic pros and cons of each one of them. (15 points)
  4. Explain the policy making and implementation process in the United Kingdom. (10 points)
  5. What is parliamentary sovereignty? (5 points)

Make sure you undersand the vocabulary terms included in this topic. They are in the glossary for the chapter at mrsruthie.net.

To be handed in tomorrow September 24th , during class. If there is no class do to rain, hand in the next class day in the morning. Late work -10 points.

Answer to question 4:

A proposed new law is called a bill. Bills must be agreed by both Houses of Parliament and receive Royal Assent from the Queen before they can become Acts of Parliament which make our law.

The Bill is introduced by a First Reading. This is simply an official notice that a Bill is going to be proposed and what it’s about. It gives MPs time to prepare and discuss it.

Shortly afterwards comes the Second Reading. At this point the principles are considered on the floor of the House. The Bill is then sent to be looked at by small groups of MPs who examine the Bill in detail.

At the Third Reading the Bill is debated and there is a vote. If the Government has a majority, the Bill is then passed to the House of Lords.

Once a Bill has passed through both Houses, it is sent to the Queen for the Royal Assent. Once it has Royal Assent the Bill becomes an Act of Parliament. It is the law of the land.

The term ‘white paper‘ refers to a published statement of government policy or strategy.  They often include the reasons for, and some details of, planned legislative change.

The term ‘green paper‘ refers to government consultation on policy.  They often outline thinking and alternatives, but are seeking views from interested parties before proceeding.

A ‘green paper‘ is often, but not always, followed by a ‘white paper‘ on the same subject as the ideas are firmed up.